Landmarks

Located on the Crisul Repede river, Oradea is a center of cultural diversity – easily noticeable in the city architecture and buildings, and you will find its citizens to be warm and kind,

Records about Oradea date back to 1113, under the Latin name of Varadinum, demonstrating that the roots of this city were roman-dacian.

During the Middle Ages, Oradea Fortress becomes an important Catholic center, but the Mongol and Tatar attacks have ruined most of the town. Oradea later recovers, and culturally blossoms during Renaissance, but will again be marked by events and battles from the XVI and XVII.

The Austrian and Hungarian administrations have put their mark on the city, both culturally and architecturally.

Later, the modern and contemporary era bring about significant advances in the city’s life, but the evolution is interrupted by the world wars, that affect the city and its inhabitants due to the separation of a large territory from Romania.

Tourism, in Oradea, is based on both cultural tourism as well as balneary tourism. Oradea is the place where you can enjoy the benefits of balneary treatments in Baile Felix or 1 Mai, and also relax admiring the architecture and landmarks of the city.

The Băile Felix and 1 Mai Spa resorts are only 4 km and 8 km away from the city, thermal water being renowned for its health benefits. The swimming pools from Felix and Apollo offer you a fun day whereas the treatmeant resorts within the area propose a wide range of balneary treatments for different affections.

Interesting architectural elements are found on the Atlantic Hotel building and most of the buildings that are worth visiting can be found on Calea Republicii or adjacent areas, close to the hotel.

Beside the classic sights of Oradea, the Hall Tower has recently been open to the public, located downtown, it offers you the most spectacular panorama. Inside you can also admire an exhibition of photography from Unirii Square or the illustrated history of clocks in Oradea.

Nearby you can also admire the State Theater, recently restored, the Black Eagle Palace, famous for its impressive stained glass, or the Moon Church.

The State Theater is one of the newly renovated buildings and you can admire the interior, if you decide to attend one of the plays.

Other historical buildings worth mentioning are the building where Lucian Blaga lived while studying the theological seminary during the war, or the house of Dr. Aurel Lazar, who, in 1918 signed the "Declaration of Oradea", proclaiming independency of the Romanian nation in Transylvania.

Should you take a walk on the streets of downtown Oradea, you will find many such places filled with history. Architectural beauty abounds in Baroque neo-romantic or eclectic elements.

Other buildings worth visiting are the St. Ladislaus Church in Unirii Square - holding the oldest church altar in Oradea, the Iosif Vulcan Museum - the founder of Family Magazine, and former palaces all the way on the Calea Republicii.

The Baroque Complex in Oradea consists of the Baroque Palace, Sirul Canonicilorand the Romano-Catolica Church, the latter being the largest baroque building in Romania.

During spring you can admire the newly bloomed magnolias within the park complex.

The symbol of the city is the Fortress of Oradea, which is currently in renovation. This led to the discovery of other significant buildings, like the Gothic Cathedral, which was one of the most important cultural places from Europe, back in the Middle Ages. After visiting the Fortress, you can relax in the Dendrological Park.